Badeni Language Ordinances

   Although the Ausgleich of 1867 granted the kingdom of Hungary considerable autonomy in its internal affairs, this privilege did not extend to Slavic national groups in the Habsburg Empire. Perhaps the most resentful were the Czechs in the kingdom of Bohemia, who had long asked for similar recognition. Among their most vocal and consistent demands was for permission to use their own tongue in administrative and legal affairs within Bohemia. This brought them into regular conflict with a large German minority, which also had a historic presence in the kingdom. The issue spilled over to the parliament of the Austrian half of the monarchy where, by 1897, there was an assertive Czech representation. Although they could be outvoted by delegates of German-speaking constituencies, the latter were not gathered into a single political party.
   Needing Czech support for other measures he was promoting, the minister-president, Count Casimir Badeni (1846–1909), a Pole, offered proposals that required all civil servants in the kingdom of Bohemia to be functionally bilingual in written and spoken German and Czech by 1901. Whereas most educated Czechs could use both languages with some fluency, the same thing was not true of the Germans in the kingdom. German rioting over the measures broke out in Prague as well as in smaller urban centers in Bohemia and in the Austrian lands. In the face of this opposition, Badeni resigned his position, and his proposals did not take effect. The antagonism between Germans and Czechs in Bohemia deepened, making local parliamentary life often a bitter affair. This was also true in the Austrian Imperial Assembly where, from the beginning of the 20th century through most of World War I, business had to be conducted by emergency decree.
   See also Government; Habsburg Empire.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Badeni, Kasimir Felix, Graf von — ▪ Polish Austrian statesman Polish  Kazimierz Feliks, Hrabia (count) Badeni  born Oct. 14, 1846, Surochów, Galicia died July 9, 1909, near Krasne       Polish born statesman in the Austrian service, who, as prime minister (1895–97) of the… …   Universalium

  • Count Kasimir Felix Badeni — Hochgeboren Kasimir Felix Graf Badeni Minister President of Austria In office 30 September 1895 – 28 November 1897 Monarch …   Wikipedia

  • Austria history: chronology —  ♦ 5000 BCE Late Stone Age culture.  ♦ 2000 Indo Germanic settlements northwest of Vienna.  ♦ 800 Bronze Age settlements on the Vienna Hoher Markt.  ♦ 750 Hallstatt culture.  ♦ 400 Celtic culture.  ♦ 15 Roman occupation of province of Noricum.  ♦ …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Ausgleich —    Compromise of 1867    Following a humiliating loss in 1866 to Prussia in the so called Seven Weeks’ War, Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph and his advisors were under intense pressure to shore up the position of the Habsburg Empire domestically.… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… …   Universalium

  • Schönerer, Georg, Ritter von — ▪ Austrian politician born July 17, 1842, Vienna, Austria died Aug. 14, 1921, Rosenau bei Zwettl       Austrian political extremist, founder of the Pan German Party (1885). He was a virulent anti Semite (anti Semitism) and was perhaps the best… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.